Empath


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Life for an Empath is more about self-discovery finally coming to form.Realizing that you have the power to create your ‘reality’ by choosing one thought over another. Your thoughts determine the outcome. How have you been thinking lately?

~___/\___~

Meaning of life [about piece of life]


This article is about the philosophical concept. For other uses, see Meaning of life (disambiguation).

Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going?

The meaning of life is a philosophical question concerning the significance of life or existence in general. It can also be expressed in different forms, such as “Why are we here?“, “What is life all about?”, and “What is the purpose of existence?” It has been the subject of much philosophical, scientific, and theologicalspeculation throughout history. There have been a large number of proposed answers to these questions from many different cultural and ideological backgrounds.

The meaning of life is in the philosophical and religious conceptions of existencesocial tiesconsciousness, and happiness, and borders on many other issues, such as symbolic meaningontologyvalue, purpose,ethicsgood and evilfree will, the existence of a or multiple Godsconceptions of God, the soul, and theafterlife. Scientific contributions focus primarily on describing related empirical facts about the universe, exploring the context and parameters concerning the ‘how’ of life. Science also studies and can provide recommendations for the pursuit of well-being and a related conception of morality. An alternative, humanisticapproach poses the question “What is the meaning of my life?” The value of the question pertaining to the purpose of life may coincide with the achievement of ultimate reality, or a feeling of oneness, or even a feeling of sacredness.

Perhaps you think I’ve set myself an impossible challenge here?

Not so. The meaning of life is pretty straightforward to state. Your life has whatever meaning you give to it. So the question becomes: what do people say gives their lives meaning? That’s easy enough to measure and psychologists have done exactly that.

Baumeister and Vohs (2002) have synthesised four factors. When people are asked, the more they report each of these four factors being fulfilled, the more meaningful their lives feel:

  1. Purpose – this could be living happily ever after, going to heaven or even (whisper it) found at work. Whatever it is, meaning in life comes from reaching goals and feeling fulfilled. Even though fulfilment is hard to achieve because the state fades, people need purpose.
  2. Values – people need a moral structure to work out what is right and what is wrong. There are plenty to choose from: some come from religion, others from philosophy and still others from your friends and family.
  3. Efficacy – people want to make a difference and have some control over their environment. Without that, the meaning of life is reduced.
  4. Self-worth – we all want to feel we’re good and worthwhile people. We can do this individually or by hitching ourselves to a worthy cause. Either way we need to be able to view ourselves in a positive light.

So, there you have it: the meaning of life in under 300 words.

Two words of warning. Firstly, it can be difficult to get all these things in the same place, although not impossible. We use family, work, hobbies and other things to fulfil our need for meaning. Secondly, a meaningful life is probably necessary to be happy, but it isn’t sufficient.

What meaning do you give to your life?

 

Jogja, 19th 2012

No past..no future..no problem..just; this present

 

notes; 

kadang, kita ditinggalkan karena menjadi diri sendiri…
karena kita bukan zombie yang harus mengikuti cara orang lain, yang terbaik adalah diri sendiri.
tapi jika ada orang-orang yang pergi karena menginginkan kita menjadi sama dengan kebanyakan orang, maka lihatlah yang tertinggal. itulah yang disebut teman, bukan mereka yang pergi 🙂

 

Just feeling Lost and Guilty


Is it Okay to Feel Guilty?

Is it okay to feel guilty when you think you’ve done something wrong?  The answer to this question largely depends on the sort of guilt you are experiencing. Some guilt can be rational while some can be pointless and destructive.   If you are experiencing the latter kind of guilt, then you probably don’t even realize you are being irrational.  You may simply think that you should feel guilty, that youdeserve to feel guilty, and, as a result, continue to torment yourself; and even depress yourself. This blog will give you some pointers on how to identify this irrational type of guilt and point the way to avoiding it.

Whenever you feel guilty you perceive yourself to have violated a moral principle that you hold.  Moreover, the objects of guilt, what you feel guilty about, are always internalized moral principles.  By “internalized” I mean principles you think you ought or should obey. These principles are often internalized as a result of socialization.  Now, one type of irrational guilt has to do with the way you have internalized your moral principles.  Of course, you should never murderanyone, so this moral imperative may seem to be without exception.  But notice that the word “murder” itself means wrongful killing, and clearly it is wrong to commit wrongful killing.  Inevitably, in the mainstream of life, these principles will come into conflict with one another, which means that you cannot rationally expect to satisfy all of them all of the time. In such cases, it is a matter of weighing and balancing one principle over another.  So should you feel guilty if you break one of your moral principles for a morally overriding reason?  There is a difference between the emotion of regret and that of guilt.  You can regret having to lie to spare someone serious harm. Of course, it would have been better if you didn’t have to lie.  But this doesn’t mean you need to feel guilty.  Guilty feelings are always gnawing and uncomfortable.  Putting yourself through such pain when you have done your best to deal with a situation of moral conflict is not a legitimate occasion to upset yourself.  You made your decision; you weighed the pros and cons and you came to a decision.  That is all you can humanly do in a case of moral conflict, so it is not reasonable to sit and ruminate about your decision.

Sometimes the moral principles that you have internalized are themselvesself-defeating and unreasonable.  These are “moral” only in the sense that you believe that they’re moral.  Thus, you may think that you have a moral duty to worry about things and you feel guilty when you don’t.  “If I let my guard down even for a minute, something awful might happen to them.  Under the guise of such a moral duty to worry yourself sick, you may fail to question the rationality of what you are doing to yourself and to others who must live with your chronic worry problem, including the kids.  Indeed, if it is your moral duty to worry, then it is beyond question that you MUST worry.  But there is no good reason to think you have such a moral duty in the first place–unless you think that morality exists merely to make human life miserable rather than to improve it.

Do you have a moral duty to take good care of your kids? Do you have an additional moral duty to worry about taking good care of your kids?  Some people, quite a number of them, hold the moral principle that says you must be perfect. This type of moral charge is unrealistic and therefore unattainable.  As a result, those who have internalized a perfectionistic “moral” principle will experience intense guilt when they have not succeeded at being perfect-which is always or almost always.  So, in embracing such an over-demanding credo, you sentence yourself to a life of unremitting stress; for even when you succeed at something, there’s always the impending possibility of not succeeding in the future.  As a result, successes are seldom enjoyed and are often the occasion to worry about the possibility of future failings.

But even if your moral principles are rational, you can still experience irrational guilt; and this can be true even when you truly have violated one of your principles.  Such guilt can be the self-abasing type. Here, the guilt is sustained by self-damnation. Thus you are demoralized by your perceived moral infraction and think yourself worthless.

This is an extremely destructive and self-defeating form of guilt.  For if you tell yourself that you are worthless, you have decreed once and for all that you are incapable of making constructive changes in the future.  If you do something that you think is wrong, it is your action that is wrong, NOT YOU.  You are distinct from your action and therefore it is a fallacy to infer YOUR unworthiness from the unworthiness of your action.  So guilt that rejects the doer rather than the deed is irrational, hence unacceptable guilt.

However, guilt that rates the deed instead of the doer can still be irrational.  Thus, you might exaggerate just how bad your action really was. Realizing just how serious your offense is in relation to other offenses need not get you off the guilt hook but it can help to regulate the intensity of your guilt.  Not uncommonly, people feel guilty about violating a moral principle that, on careful inspection, they really wouldn’t accept.  I asked, “If the person best at making decisions should be the decision-maker, and you are best at real estate and financial decisions, then who should be making thosedecisions?”  “I should be making those decisions!” she exclaimed.  Woman too can “wear the pants”!

So, is there any guilt that’s constructive?  Some psychologists have claimed that guilt is always a destructive emotion, but that is a rather extreme view. Unlike the forms discussed so far, constructive guilt must not be:  based on absolutistic moral principles;  ruminating; based on irrational principles such as the duty to worry or to be perfect; supported by self-abasement; exaggerated; or based on a moral principle that, on reflection, you would reject;

Accordingly, here are six questions you can ask yourself to see if your guilt is legitimate:

Have you allowed for reasonable exceptions to your moral principle? Remember, you may have been caught in a case of moral conflict and simply had to make a decision.

Have you avoided ruminating about whether or not you did the right thing in a situation of moral conflict, keeping yourself from going over and over your decision ad nauseam?

Are you sticking to rating your action rather than condemning yourself for violating the moral principle in question? Once you perceive that you have done something wrong, guilt can be rational when it moves you to learn from your misdeed and to make changes in the future. In so doing, you can help to reduce your excessive guilt.

Did you really violate a moral principle that you accept?Remember, the principle in question may be one you were brought up to believe but is self-defeating and not even consistent with your other beliefs.

If your answer to even one of these six questions is no, then your guilt is irrational and you are pointlessly upsetting yourself.

While some occasional guilty feelings can be a spur to making constructive changes, excessive, chronic guilt can destroy the quality of your life.  Paying careful attention to the factors discussed in this blog can be an important start to overcoming your irrational guilt.

For further discussion and exercises you can do to overcome irrational guilt, read my book, The Dutiful Worry:  How to Stop Compulsive Worry Without Feeling Guilty (also available in Kindle edition)

Ah, feeling guilty. I used to think my entire life was run by my feelings of guilt. Everything I did or thought seemed to be governed by how guilty I felt that day.

I’d be feeling guilty about everything and anything. I’d feel guilty about so many things and my life really did seem to be just reacting to one feeling of guilt after another.

It’s very draining and distressing living with a constant feeling of guilt. I think feeling guilty comes down to basically 7 main reasons and usually you’ll be dealing with not just one of these but actually a combination of them:

1. You feel guilty when you’re trying to avoid something

Guilt often comes from trying to avoid something. To eliminate those feelings of guilt, it really helps if you can take a moment and ask yourself what are you thinking about? Are you thinking about what you don’t want (people being mad, etc.) or what you do want? Continuing to focus on how guilty you feel will only serve to keep you stuck feeling anxious and confused. I also find that as long as you’re focused on the feelings of guilt, it doesn’t matter what you do, you’re going to feel guilty because that’s what you’re concentrating on. You’re focused on the guilt instead of the real situation.

You’re able to take action which is one of the things that really helps to eliminate those guilt feelings. But, you’re not just taking action to relieve your feelings of guilt, you’re taking action to solve the real problem or situation.

2. Reacting to a situation instead of choosing your response

A situation happens and without really thinking about it you react by feeling guilty.

You feel guilty for what you’ve done.

I went through a situation recently where one of my parents was quite sick. I instantly felt guilty because I hadn’t spent a lot of time with them recently. You use the guilt to make positive changes in your life.

Can you see how easily it is to get caught up in the feelings of guilt and to focus on that instead of the real issue?

Once you ask yourself if you’re blindly reacting or calmly choosing how to respond to an event, then you’ll be able to decide how you want to proceed. It goes a long way to being able to move past those feelings of guilt. It’s a subtle difference but it does make a huge difference. 3. Someone pushing your buttons

You’re always going to come across those people who are absolute experts at making you feel guilty. What’s the real issue deep down that’s happening? What’s really happening is that you’re simply reacting to the other person’s words. They don’t make you mad or make you feel guilty. Once you deal with those feelings, then you’ll notice the comments but you’ll no longer react by feeling guilty. Often, even just the awareness of why you previously reacted to certain words will be enough to stop you from continuing to react in the future.

4. Not Forgiving Yourself

A big aspect of guilt can be because you simply don’t allow yourself to make mistakes or you never forgive yourself for things that happened in the past.

Everyone makes mistakes. Making mistakes is what makes us human and it’s how we learn. You also need to know that you made what you thought was the best decision with the facts you had at the time.

5. Conditioned Response

For example, if you’re on an airplane and it’s just about to crash, your ingrained belief of helping others before yourself could be a disaster in that situation. So again, it comes back down to taking the time to really think about what’s happening in the situation and not just blindly reacting.

When you catch yourself saying “should” about something, ask yourself how you would feel about the situation if you simply dropped that word? A lot of times, just by doing that, you’ll suddenly feel so much better about the situation.

7. Anxiety and Fear

You allow your feelings of anxiety and fear take over your rational thought.

If you’re aware of this, then it’s easier to let go of all the “what if’s….” worrying because you suddenly realize you’re focusing on the wrong thing. If you can do that, then you’ll suddenly find the situation is nowhere near as overwhelming as it first appeared. You’ll also be able to stop those guilty feelings before they start.

Dealing With Feeling Guilty

Learning how to deal with guilt comes down to understanding what’s really happening behind your feelings of guilt. You won’t be blindly reacting and finding that nothing you do eases your guilty conscience. This way, you rule your life, not your emotions and fear. Use those emotion so you can confidently move forwards.

Emotions are so valuable if you take the time to listen to them. So, no more struggling with guilt. Appreciate your feelings of guilt because they really can tell you a lot about what’s really going on.

 

Jogjakarta, day by day with freezing breath July 2012


A few weeks that’s has been passed, just left a high lonesome breath. Oh, that’ s so awfull, it’s not pain, just being more speechless.

Jogjakarta, day by day with freezing breath July 2012

“AUFKLÄRUNG ist der Ausgang des Menschen aus seiner selbstverschuldeten Unmündigkeit. Unmündigkeit ist das Unvermögen, sich seines Verstandes ohne Leitung eines anderen zu bedienen. Selbstverschuldet ist diese Unmündigkeit, wenn die Ursache derselben nicht am Mangel des Verstandes, sondern der Entschließung und des Mutes liegt, sich seiner ohne Leitung eines andern zu bedienen. Sapere aude! Habe Mut, dich deines eigenen Verstandes zu bedienen! ist also der Wahlspruch der Aufklärung.”

Immanuel Kant

 

The Self.

The self has been something that has been a major issue all year especially during our unit on identity. It’s all comes down to the question of who am I. The fact that my body is trillions of atoms that come together to sustain something bigger, which ultimately leads them towards the creation of a greater the state of mind I call me, Matt DiMarco. Not only that though, they all interact and integrate in ways to sustain me. Why? What makes life into life? They don’t know I exist and don’t really gain anything special for sustaining me. Those atoms don’t even know they themselves exist. Yet I, Matt DiMarco, some mysterious result of those atoms cooperating in one of the most mysterious ways that this universe has ever seen, know they exist. Why is that? What happens when you give a point of view to something that shouldn’t have one? The answer: me. But who am I really?

Who Am I?

Supposedly there are three answers. You are either your thoughts, your body, or a soul. These are more formally known as psychological criterion, body criterion, or single soul hypothesis. The issue arises in one occurrence. The Ship of Theseus is a wooden boat each day gets a plank replaced, but after all its planks are replaced is it still the same ship? Another example arises in teleportation. Your body is disintegrated inside a teleporter after its information is saved and sent and then the information is almost instantly sent to somewhere else to rebuild you exactly as you were. Yet the question is did you die, is a twin created, will it remember your/its past, and will that be you?

I don’t get why they arise as such opposite answers. I feel confident to say I am body, its thoughts, and a soul somehow attached. The soul is unique idea because it lives through death. And according to the bodily criterion even if there was a soul that wouldn’t be me. And I think of my psychological states as part of my body. But the atoms of my body don’t know about me or the thoughts I have. Yet if I rebuilt my exact brain and memory into a new body “I” would have two bodies according to psychological criterion. They aren’t so different. And I can only say I am all three if I hope and believe my soul is something physical. I hope and believe my soul is physical but not made of matter but of energy. Since matter can take the form of life then I don’t see why energy can’t, since matter is technically a form of energy as said by Einstein. And I hope and believe this unique undiscovered energy exists with the body and remains after it dies and goes on to fulfill other roles in the universe, possibly eventually to work its way to other become new bodies for new things. Perhaps human bodies are merely USB ports for these souls. Who Am I? I am my body, thoughts, and soul all at once!

 

A Man & Himself


A man can be himself only so long as he is alone. A man’s delight in looking forward to and hoping for some particular satisfaction is a part of the pleasure flowing out of it, enjoyed in advance.

A man’s face as a rule says more, and more interesting things, than his mouth, for it is a compendium of everything his mouth will ever say, in that it is the monogram of all this man’s thoughts and aspirations.  

All truth passes through three stages. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident.  Almost all of our sorrows spring out of our relations with other people.  As the biggest library if it is in disorder is not as useful as a small but well-arranged one, so you may accumulate a vast amount of knowledge but it will be of far less value than a much smaller amount if you have not thought it over for yourself.